Main journaling: Theresienstadt was a hybrid concentration camp and ghetto established in the fortress town Terezín. It had two main purposes: a waystation to the extermination camps, and a “retirement settlement” for elderly and prominent Jews to mislead their communities about the Final Solution. Hitler even made a propaganda film showing how pleasant it was. The Red Cross was allowed to visit Terezin once– everything staged to present good treatment of the Jews. Actually, between October 16, 1941, and liberation on May 8, 1945, more than 155,000 Jews passed through. Roughly 80 percent of them died–-35,440 perished in the ghetto and 88,000 were deported to be murdered.